Market Position May 15, 2013

I have had some big successes in the market lately. The short yen position has been yielding truly incredible profits lately. Almost simultaneously, the long position in Tesla (TSLA) has nearly doubled. Nearly every day after the earnings announcement has given us a new breakout to higher prices. This signals that there is a big money position being established in the stock, or that short covering is occurring now. If the huge money behind these moves are capable of mobilizing so quickly to positive news, this signals to me that they will be equally quick to mobilize in reaction to negative news.

I am not sure how long this continuation move will last. Eventually there will be a pullback – that is almost certain. But I still suspect we are only in the early phases of this boom for Tesla. I expect Tesla to generate more buzz and excitement as the year goes on.

In addition, I re-established the position in 3D Systems (DDD), according to the logic outlined in my article. Events are playing out as I had expected, with upgrades in the stock, and higher prices. This lends credence to the idea that we experienced a test phase from January to March, and we are now in a phase 4 type boom. Therefore, there should be additional room to go with the DDD long.

C & J Energy  (CJES) continues to be a dead weight in both the portfolio. The bad news about the state of the hydraulic fracturing market is out, and I believe it has been priced in. I think we have put in a bottom in this range (~$18). I dont expect the stock to dip below $17 unless the market turns worse.

I expect the market to improve as the year goes on and higher natural gas prices lead to renewed excitement in dry gas plays.

I am working up a position in some dry gas E&P companies as we speak. I do not want to reveal names and tickers, as they are tiny companies, and I have to be very cautious to establish a position at the prices I would like. I have been able to find several that are trading well below book value currently, and I have reason to expect that the book value itself is artificially low, because it is based on a past price environment, where natural gas prices were much lower than today. I will write an article soon explaining the logic.

I am using my unleveraged portfolio to purchase the dry gas companies. I am selling off a previous purchase of Halliburton (HAL). Halliburton has also come to a fair valuation in the current environment. After the settlement of the Deepwater Horizon litigation, the shares have been relieved of the pressure that was depressing them. I suspect HAL will benefit if the activity in the North American gas market picks up, but I believe the benefit will be more pronounced in CJES, so I prefer an investment in the latter.

I also sold my shares in Petroleum Geo Services (PGSVY). It is a shame to sell off such a well run company, with such growth potential. It is still undervalued, and I expect that investors at these prices would do reasonably well holding this for the long term. 3D and 4D seismic technology is only becoming more and more important, and PGS has already accumulated the Multiclient studies for the vast offshore Africa fields. However, I think there are better opportunities, like BBBI.

I am slowly accumulating more shares of Birmingham Bloomfield Bancshares (BBBI). It is currently trading at a price to book of .5, and it seems to be generating earnings at a comparable pace to BNCCorp (BNCC). The deep discount offers a considerable margin of safety, and the growth, fueled by the automotive industry boom, is bound to continue for the foreseeable future.


Investing in Undervalued Banks: BNCCorp and Bank of Birmingham

I have spent so much time speculating that I have been neglecting the more long-term investment side of my portfolio. Here are two purchases that I made today to rectify that situation.

BNCCorp (

Since I wrote about, a lot has changed with the company: the stock price has nearly quintupled, the assets and equity have both skyrocketed, and the company has been increasing earnings at unfathomable rates (year-over-year earnings growth was 505%). (Read the article for the whole story on this investment idea.)

BNCCorp still remains undervalued. The Price/Book ratio sits at just under .58. For such a fast growing area as North Dakota, I would expect most banks to be trading above their book values, not significantly below it. Therefore, it is probably a safe investment until it reaches .80 or so. At that point, it will begin to look significantly less attractive.

I am regretting selling out 80% of my position when the stock went up by 150%. I thought the move was largely over, and was eager to invest in other areas, but I neglected to check the real value of the company’s earnings potential and equity in relation to the market capitalization.

I am glad however, that I decided to let 20% of the position run. I have since purchased more shares, though it is always painful to buy back a stock you sold at a lower value.

The bank has increased its equity-to-assets ratio to 8.9%. Thus it is no longer a “cigar butt”, but instead is a well-capitalized bank in the fastest growing area of the nation. (For reference, Peter Lynch recommends an Equity-to-Assets ratio of more than 7.5% to qualify as a well-capitalized bank.)

North Dakota has exploded in population, and as these people settle into more permanent arrangements, the need for home loans and commercial loans will continue to be enormous. The Bakken Shale will remain attractive as an oil play at WTI prices above $80, and now that the European crisis fears are on the decline, oil prices have stabilized in the $90 range. They will likely remain high until the next financial crisis threatens global demand.

Though most of the explosion in the Bakken region is already played out, and though a large portion of the oil workers in the region have already found permanent housing situations, I expect the growth in the Price/Book multiple coupled with steady earnings (if not growing earnings) to secure the safety of this investment for the near future.

Bank of Birmingham (BBBI)

In addition, I have begun a new investment in the Bank of Birmingham (BBBI). The company has been sitting at a price/book ratio just under 1 for a few weeks, but a recent pre-announcement by the company suggests that the current Price/Book is closer to .58, suggesting the company is undervalued.

The Equity/Assets ratio is 11.1%, indicating that the bank is significantly under-leveraged.  This is a good thing: a less leveraged balance sheet makes a less risky investment. In addition, the extra equity means that the bank has significant room to expand its loan portfolio and increase earnings in the future.

With these low amounts of leverage, the bank was able to increase earnings 54% over the course of 2012 (excluding a deferred-tax asset recognition in 2011). This rapid earnings growth rate is a testament to the earnings power of this bank.

So why has this bank been growing so quickly? The answer is simple: the rebound of the car industry.

The Bank of Birmingham is located in Birmingham, Michigan, on the outskirts of Detroit, so it is dependent upon the comeback of the auto industry. As Birmingham is a wealthy suburb, it is less-exposed to pullbacks in the U.S. automotive market than urban Detroit. As long as the auto industry comeback is not derailed by a significant U.S. recession, we should expect more suburban migration and an expanding population in Birmingham, leading to more deposits, loans, and mortgages issued.

Disclosure: I am long and BBBI.